Constantine the Great coin



Constans
A.D. 333- 350











Lyons

Constans

A.D. 333- 334

16mm   2.5gm

FL IVL CONSTANS NOB C; bust laureate, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind.

GLORIA EXERCITVS; Two soldiers helmeted, stg. facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them two standards.

In ex. SLG

RIC VII Lyons 265

 

This workshop is not listed in RIC; but there is one example listed in Bastien (#258)



Constans GLORIA EXERCITVS Lyons 265

Constans

A.D. 333- 334

16x17mm   2.1gm

FL IVL CONSTANS NOB C; bust laureate, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind.

GLORIA EXERCITVS; Two soldiers helmeted, stg. facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them two standards.

In ex. SLG

RIC VII Lyons 265


Constans GLORIA
                        EXERCITVS Lyons 265



Constans
A.D. 335
FL IVL CONSTANS NOB C; bust laureate, draped and cuirassed, seen from behind.
GLORIA EXERCITVS; Two soldiers helmeted, stg. facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them one standard inscribed with a Chi-Rho.
In ex. PLG

 

Should be listed after RIC 271


Constans GLORIA EXERCITVS from Lyons

Constans

A.D. 337

16mm 1.7gm

FL IVL CONSTANS NOB C; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust, seen from the rear.

GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS; Two soldiers helmeted, stg. facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them one standard.

in exergue palm branch PLG

RIC VII Lyons – , Bastien 289

 

RIC lists this mintmark for all the rulers except Constans (Constantine I & II, Constantius II and Delmatius). It should come after RIC 287.



Constans GLORIA EXERCITVS from Lyons

Constans

A.D. 348- 350

17x19mm    2.6gm

DN CONSTA-NS P F AVG; rosette- diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.

FEL TEMP REPARATIO; Emperor in military dress stg. l., holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho; in stern sits Victory, steering ship.

In ex. ✶PLG

RIC VIII Lyons 99


Constans FEL TEMP
                        REPARATIO Lyons 99





Arles

Constans

A.D. 333

17mm   2.3gm

FL IVL CONSTANS NOB C; Laureate, draped, cuirassed, seen from back.

GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS; Two soldiers helmeted, stg. facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them two standards with laurel wreath between.

in ex. SCONST

RIC VII Arles—

 

The first bronze for Constans from Arles in RIC is #378, which is a GLORIA EXERCITVS with two standards with wreath between and dot in the wreath. This coin does not have the dot in the wreath, which is like the previous issue. The plain wreath was issued in A.D. 333 and Constans was appointed Caesar on 25 Dec 333, so perhaps a few of these were struck for him, or perhaps it is only an engravers error, the wreath is small, so maybe no room.




Constans GLORIA EXERCITVS from Arles



Constans
A.D. 334
17mm   2.6gm
FL IVL CONSTANS NOB C; bust laureate, draped and cuirassed seen from the rear.
GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS; Two soldiers helmeted, stg. facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them two standards with chi-rho between them.
in ex. SCONST
RIC VII Arles 384


Constans GLORIA EXERCITVS Arles 384

Constans

A.D. 337- 347

15mm 1.7gm

CONST-ANS AVG; rosette diadem, draped and cuirassed bust.

GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS; Two soldiers helmeted, stg. facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them one standard inscribed with a G.

in ex. SARL

RIC VIII Arles 57


Constans GLORIA EXERCITVS Arles 57

Constans
A.D. 348- 350
21x24mm    6.3gm
DN CONSTA-NS P F AVG; pearl- diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.
FEL TEMP REPARATIO; Emperor in military dress stg. l., holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho; in stern sits Victory, steering ship.
In ex. SARL
RIC VIII Arles 100

Constans FEL TEMP
                      REPARATIO galley Arles 100

Constans

A.D. 348- 350

21x24mm    5.5gm

D N CONSTANS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.

FEL TEMP R-EPARATIO; Soldier spearing fallen horseman.

In ex. SARL

RIC VIII Arles -- ; Ferrando –

 

This coin looks like RIC 103 except that there is no evidence of a star in the mintmark. RIC does not list this issue, but Ferrando has examples for Constantius II (#1142) so examples for Constans are to be expected.



Constans FEL TEMP REPARATIO fallen horseman
                        Arles Not in RIC



Trier

Constans

A.D. 335-337

16x17mm 1.9gm

FL IVL CONSTANS NOB CAES; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from rear.

GLORIA EXERCITVS; Two soldiers helmeted, stg. facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them one standard.

in ex. • TRP •

RIC VII Trier 593


Constans GLORIA EXERCITVS Trier 593





Constans

Before April 340

16mm 1.5gm

FL IVL CONSTANS AVG, laureate, cuirassed bust right

VIRTVS AVGG NN, Virtvs standing holding spear and resting hand on shield

Trier mint

Constans VIRTVS
                      AVGG NN from Trier

Constans

A.D. 348- 350

21x22mm   5.0gm

DN CONSTA-NS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.

FEL TEMP REPARATIO; Emperor in military dress stg. l., holding victory on globe and standard with Chi-Rho; in stern sits Victory, steering ship.

In ex. TRS

RIC VIII Trier 219


the FTR Galley type is likely a reference to a visit Constans made to Britain in A.D. 343, and it seems he was celebrating some sort of a victory on these coins.


Constans FEL TEMP
                      galley Trier 219

Constans

A.D. 348-350

21x22mm   5.0gm

DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.

FEL TEMP REPARATIO; Emperor in military dress stg. l., holding victory on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner; in stern sits Victory, steering ship.

In ex. TRS

RIC VIII Trier 219


Constans FEL TEMP galley Trier 219

Constans

A.D. 348- 350

21mm   3.8gm

DN CONSTANS PF AVG; pearl-diadem, draped, cuirassed, globe in hand

FEL • TEMP • REPAR-ATIO; Helmeted soldier, spear in left hand which points downward between him and small figure, advancing right, head turned to left. With his right hand he is leading a small bare-headed figure from a hut beneath a tree.

In ex. TRS

RIC VIII Trier 221

 

the Hut FTR coins were likely issued to commemorate the A.D. 342 resettlement of the Frankish people within the Roman Empire, on the left bank of the Rhine River, mainly in Toxandria.



Constans FEL TEMP Trier 221

Constans

A.D. 348

17x18mm    2.6gm

DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG; pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust.

FEL•TEMP•REPARATIO; radiate phoenix on mound.

In ex. TRS•

RIC VIII Trier 228


Constans FEL TEMP Trier 228

Constans

A.D. 348-350

22mm   5.2gm

DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right; A behind bust.

FEL TEMP REPARATIO; Emperor in military dress stg. l., holding victory on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner; in stern sits Victory, steering ship; A in left field.

In ex. TRS

RIC VIII Trier 243


Constans FEL TEMP galley Trier 243







Rome

Constans

A.D. 337-340

13mm   1.6gm

DN FL CONSTANS AVG; laurel and rosette diadem, draped, cuirassed bust right

SECVRITAS REI P; Securitas standing facing, legs crossed, head turned right, holding sceptre in right hand, left elbow leaning on column.

Exergue is uncertain

Rome mint

  

After the death of Constantine on 22 May 337, there was an interregnum of some three months before his three sons were proclaimed Augusti on 9 Sept 337. It was during these three months that “The Great Massacre” occurred, when most of the other male members of Constantine’s family and their supporters were killed. During this period all the mints continued producing the GLORIA EXERCITVS coins except Rome, which was controlled by Constans. In Rome a new type was issued—SECVRITAS REI PVB. Constans apparently wanted the citizens to believe that the security of the Empire had been protected by the massacre.





Constans SECVRITAS REI PVB Rome

Constans

14mm    1.5gm

A.D. 337-340

DN FL CONSTANS AVG; laurel and rosette diadem, draped, cuirassed bust right

SECVRITAS REI P; Securitas standing facing, legs crossed, head turned right, holding sceptre in right hand, left elbow leaning on column.

In ex. R branch • T

RIC VIII Rome 45

Constans SECVRITAS REI PVB Rome 45

Constans

A.D. 347- 348

14x15mm    1.5gm

DN FL CONSTANS AVG; Rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.

VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN; Two Victories, each holding wreath to the left.

In ex. R • P

RIC VIII Rome –

 

RIC only lists the short obverse legend for Constans (CONSTANS P F AVG) while this example has the longer legend (DN FL CONSTANS AVG). It should come after RIC VIII Rome 81. This example also has both victories holding wreaths to left, instead of facing.



Constans VICTORIAE DD AVGG Q NN from Rome
                        victories with both wreaths to the left Not in
                        RIC

Constans

A.D. 347- 348

15mm    1.8gm

CONSTAN-S PF AVG; laureate-rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.

VICTORIAE D D AVGG N N; Two Victories standing facing each other, each holding wreath upward

in one hand and palm in other over shoulder

in ex. R wreath T

RIC VIII Rome 88


Constans VICTORIAE D D
                      AVGG N N Rome 88






Constans

A.D. 348-350

22x23mm   5.8gm

DN CONSTA-NS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right.

FEL TEMP REPARATIO Emperor in military dress stg. l., holding phoenix on globe and standard with Chi-Rho on banner; in stern sits Victory, steering ship; Δ in left field.

In ex. RP

RIC VIII Rome 125

 

the FTR Galley type is likely a reference to a visit Constans made to Britain in A.D. 343, and it seems he was celebrating some sort of a victory on these coins.



Constans FEL TEMP galley Rome 125




Aquileia

Constans

A.D. 335- 336

16x17mm   2.5gm

FL IVL CONSTANS NOB C; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left.

GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS; Two soldiers helmeted, stg. facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them two standards with F in center.

in ex. AQS

RIC VII Aquileia 134


Constans GLORIA EXERCITVS Aquileia 134




Constans

A.D. 346- 348

15mm   1.5gm

CONSTAN-S PF AVG; laureate and rosette diademed, draped and cuirassed bust.

GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS; Two soldiers with a standard between them inscribed with a Chi-Rho.

in ex. AQS

RIC VIII Aquileia 34

Constans GLORIA EXERCITVS Aquileia 34

Constans

A.D. 348- 350

24mm   5.9gm

DN CONSTA-NS P F AVG; pearl diademed, draped & cuirassed bust right; A behind bust.

FEL TEMP REPARATIO; Emperor in military dress stg. l., holding victory on globe and standard with Chi-Rho; in stern sits Victory, steering ship; A in left field.     In ex. AQP• 

     RIC VIII Aquileia 117

Constans FEL TEMP
                      Aquileia 117



Siscia

Constans

A.D. 330-5

18.5mm 2.5gm

FL CONSTANTIS BEA C; laureate,draped and cuirassed bust

GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS; Two soldiers helmeted, stg. facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them two standards.

in exergue  •ΔSIS•

RIC VII Siscia 238