below are the reverses issued in bronze with Constantine on
It is not a complete list, but I believe I have most of them.
just the bronze coins: folles, reduced folles and fractionals.
the descriptions will vary quite a bit among the variations of
so your coin may not be exactly as described. While many of
these are easy
enough to find, a few are extremely rare.
ADVENTVS AVG Prince riding left, r. raised, l. holding up spear, on horse pawing seated captive to l.
BEATA TRANQVILLITAS globe set on altar inscribed VO/TIS/XX; above, three stars.
BONO GENIO PII IMPERATORIS Genius standing.
CLARITAS REIPVBLICAE Sol stg. l., chlamys across l. shoulder, raising right hand, globe in left.
CMH Genius standing.
COMITI AVGG NN Sol standing left, chlamys falling from left shoulder, holding globe & whip
CONCORD MILIT Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand
CONCORDIA FELIX DD NN Two emperors.
CONCORD(IA) IMPERII Concordia stg. l., modius on head, right hand leaning on sceptre, left holding horizontal fold of drapery.
CONCORDIA MILITVM Jupiter presenting Victory on globe to Constantine.
CONCORDIA PERPET DD NN Two Emperors
CONSERVATOR AFRICA SVAE Africa standing facing, head left, in long drapery with elephant-skin head-dress, right holding standard, left tusk; at feet to left, lion with captured bull.
CONSERVATORES KART SVAE Carthage standing facing, head left, holding fruits in both hands, within hexastyle temple
CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left
CONSTAN/TINVS/AVG in three lines wreath above.
CONSTANTINI AVG legend around VOTIS XX.
CONSTANTINO P AVG BRP NAT Constantine standing facing, head left, in military dress, right holding globe, left leaning on scepter.
CONSTANTINIANA DAFNE Victory seated l. on cippus, palm branch in left hand and laurel branch in right hand, looking r.; trophy at front, at the foot is a kneeling captive with head turned being spurned by Victory
DN CONSTANTINI MAX AVG laurel wreath enclosing VOT XX or VOT XXX or camp gate with two turrets and star above.
FELICITAS AVGG NN Felicitas seated l., holding branch and globe.
FELICITAS PERPETVA SAECVLI Emperor in military dress, stg. l., chlamys across left shoulder, receiving Victory on globe from Sol stg. r., cloak displayed; between them kneeling captive.
FIDES MILITVMcampgate with three beacons
FVNDAT PACIS Mars helmeted, nude, advancing r., looking l., trophy across l., shoulder, flying chlamys, dragging captive by hair.
GENIO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN Genius standing left.
GENIO AVGVSTI Genius standing left.
GENIO CAESAR Genius standing left.
GENIO EXERCITVS Genius standing left.
GENIO FIL AVG Genius standing left.
GENIO IMPERATORIS Genius standing left.
GENIO POP(VLI) ROM(ANI) Genius standing left.
GLORIA EXERCITVS Soldier holding reversed spear in right, left hand on shield or Two soldiers helmeted, stg. facing one another, reversed spear in outer hands, inner hands on shields resting on the ground; between them two (or one) standards.
GLORIA PERPETTwo Victories advancing right, both holding wreath and branch; between them standard.
GLORIA ROMANORVM Roma seated on a shield, holding a long sceptre, Victory on a globe in right hand.
HAEC VOTA MVLT NN Vows.
HERCVLI CONSERVAT(ORI) CAES Hercules with lion
HERCVLI VICTORI Hercules standing right, leaning on club. Club draped with lion's skin
IMP LICINIVS AVG bare head of Licinius,right
IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (NN) Jupiter stg. l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre with eagle, Victory on globe in right hand; eagle holding wreath to left; to right, captive on ground. (many varieties of this type)
LIBERATOR ORBIS Constantine on horseback right, right hand raised, holding large round shield on left arm, riding down lion below horse
LIBERATORI VRBIS SVAE Roma seated facing, head left, in hexastyle temple, globe in right hand, scepter in left or Roma presenting globe to Constantine.
LIBERTAS PVBLICA Victory standing left on galley, wreath in both hands
MARTI PACIF(ERO) (AVG N) Mars in military dress, lunging left; right holding branch, left holding spear and shield.
MARS VICTOR Mars with spear and trophy
MARTI (PATRI) CONSERV(ATORI) Mars in military dress, stg. r., reversed spear in r. hand, l. on shield set on the ground, cloak across r. shoulder.
MARTI PATR SEMP VICTORI Mars with spear and trophy.
MARTI (PATRI) PROPVG(NATORI) Mars, naked but for chlamys, advancing right with spear and shield in left hand.
MVLT NATAL FEL Vows
PACIS GLORIA Constantine standing left and wearing a robe; holding globe in left hand and branch in right hand.
PACI PERPET (XII) Pax standing left, holding standard.
PAX PERPETVAPax stg. front, looking l., legs crossed, olive branch in r. hand holding transverse sceptre, leaning on column to r.
PERPETVA VIRTVS Mars standing with spear and shield.
PERPETVITAS AVGG Roma seated left, holding victory and spear.
PIETAS AVGG Emperor standing left, loins draped with himation, right hand stroking child to left, left leaning on sceptre.
PLVRA/NATAL/FELIn laurel wreath.
P M TR P COS II P P female figure seated on a double cornucopia, holding a wand in her right hand.
PRINCIPI IVVENT BRP NAT Prince with spear and globe.
PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS Prince standing rt., holding a globe and spear or with captive on either side or holding legionary standards.
PROVIDENTIAE AVGG Female standing on prow, holding cornucopiae, received by turreted Arles holding sceptre or camp gate, two turrets, no doors, star above.
RECVPERATORI VRB SVAE soldier presenting victory to Constantine, seated left.
RESTITVTOR ROMAE Roma giving a globe to the emperor.
RESTITVTOR VRBIS SVAE Cult image of Roma in a temple.
ROMAE AETER (AVGG) Roma seated in temple or Roma seated.
ROMAE AETERNAE Roma std. r., shield in lap inscribed X/V
ROMAE RESTITVTAE Rome sitting
SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS Moneta standing left, holding scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
SAECVLI FELICITAS Shield with AVG on cippus, decorated with garland.
SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART Carthage standing left holding fruits.
SAPIENT(A) PRINCIP(IS) owl on top of an altar.
SARMATIA DEVICTA Victory advancing r., holding trophy, palm branch, spurning captive std. on ground to r.
SECVRIT PERPET DD NN Securitas standing by a column.
SECVRITAS AVGG Securitas standing left, leaning on column.
SOLI INVICTO COMITI Sol rad., raising r. hand, globe in l.; stg. l., chlamys across l. shoulder. (many varieties)
S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI Legionary eagle between two vexella
SPES PVBLIC Rev. legend across field; labarum, with three medallions on drapery and crowned by chi-rho, pierces serpent.
SPES REIPVBL(ICAE)Constantine on horse, trampling a captive.
TEMPORVM FELICITAS Felicitas standing.
TRB P CONS III-P P PROCONSVL Emperor std. l. on curule chair, holding globe and short sceptre.
VBERTAS SAECVLI three Moneta standing or Ubertas standing left, draped, holding balance with two scales in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
VTILITAS PVBLICA Soldier holding Victory on globe receiving Utilitas stg. on prow, holding cornucopiae and scales.
VICTORIA AET AVGGG NNN Victory presenting globe to Constantine or Victory advancing inscribing VOT X on shield attached to palm tree or Victory standing right, inscribing VOT/X in two lines on shield set on cippus set on base; right foot on base.
VICTORIA AVGG Victory holding wreath and palm branch.
VICTORIA CAESS Victory standing l., wreath in raised hand.
VICTORIAE AETERNA AVGG N Victory inscribing shield with VOT IS XX
VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP two Victories stg., facing one another, together holding shield inscribed VOT PR, on altar.
VICTORIAE LIBERAE Victory advancing l., holding wreath, branch, pushing captive std. on ground.
VIRT (PERP) CONSTANTINI AVG Emperor helmeted, in military dress, stg. l., holding reversed spear in left hand and victory on globe in r., to l., captive std. on ground; to r., shield.
VIRT EXERC Sol stg. in the middle of what may be a raised platform with steps, raising r. hand, holding globe in l., chlamys across left shoulder.
VIRT EXERCIT GALL (XVI) Virtus leaning on a spear
VIRT PERP CONSTANTINI AVG Mars with a captive.
VIRTVS AVGG gateway with wide open doors, four turrets, star above.
VIRTVS AVGG ET CAESS NN Virtus/Mars walking right, carrying spear,shield and trophy or horseman rides down two or three captives.
VIRTVS AVGVSTI Emperor stg. r., holding spear, hand on shield set on ground.
VIRTVS CONSTANTINI CAES Prince with shield on left arm, galloping right and spearing kneeling foeman, second foeman prostrate on ground.
VIRTVS EXERCIT banner inscribed with VOT XX (or trophy) standing on ground, captive seated on either side
VIRTVS PERPETVA AVG Hercules wrestling lion or Mars standing.
VIRTVTI EXERCITVS Virtus advancing r. in military dress, r. holding transverse spear, l. shield and trophy over shoulder, or Virtus nude except for helmet advancing right, holding spear in right and trophy over left shoulder.
VOT IS Xvows
VOT X CAES (NN) vows
VOT X AVG N vows
VOT X/ET XV F in laurel wreath.
VOT X MVL XX vows
VOT/XV/FEL/XXin laurel wreath.
VOT XX MVLT XXX vows
VOT XXX AVG(N) vows
Galley right, Isis in prow holding sistrum and situla.
These images were taken
sources: my collection, other peoples collections, E-bay,
last modified on 6 Dec 2012