These translations are from
Roman Bronze Coins:
From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor "Tory" Failmezger.
He has graciously given his consent for me to re-produce his work here.
The translations were originally checked by Michael Braunlin who is asstistant
head of the Classics Library at University of Cincinnati.I highly reccomend
this book for anyone who collects this time period.
The legends below are only for
Constantine the Great!
1. For the purpose of this list, the title Augustus
is often interchanged with the title Emperor.
2. When the title is listed as AVG, this
refers to only one Emperor even if there were several who shared this title
at the same time. If it is listed as AVGG or AVGGG, it represents
two or three Emperors. The obverse does not follow this convention since
it is generally issued in the name of one ruler only. The same applies
for N orNN (Noster-our) and for CAES and CAESS,
which stands for one or two Caesars.
3. Many of the legends have VOT or VOTIS attached:
if that is the case, add on to the phrase the appropriate number of vows.
4. Sometimes legends will have an honorific associated
with them such as DN ("Our Lord") and sometimes not; it is best
to look for several combinations if the legend is not immediately found.
5. Legend variations are found in parenthesis.
AETERNA PIETAS- Everlasting Piety. ADVENTVS AVG (G)(N)(NN)-
The arrival of our Emperor(s).
AETERNITAS AVG N- The immortality
of our Emperor.
AETERNA(E) MEMORIA(E)- To
ALAMANNIA DEVICTA- On the
occasion of the Alemannia being conquered.
APOLLONI SANCT(O)- To holy
CLARITAS REIPVBLICAE- Renown
of the state.
COMITI AVG(G)(NN)- To the
companion of our Emperor(s).
CONCORDIA AVGG (NN)- Harmony
of our Emperor(s).
CONCORDIA DD NN- Harmony
of our Lords.
CONCORDIA IMPERII- Harmony
of the empire.
CONCORDIA M FELIX DD NN-
The fortunate harmony of the soldiers of our Lords.
CONCORDIA MILIT(VM)- The
harmony of the soldiers.
CONCORDIA PERPET DD NN- The
everlasting harmony of our lords.
CONSERVATOR(I)(ES) AFRICA SVAE
(AVG N)- Our Emperor(s) (in honor of), savior of his (their) Africa.
CONSERVATOR(I)(ES) KART SVAE
(AVG N)- Our Emperor(s) (in honor of), savior of his (their) Carthage.
CONSERV(ATORES) VRB SVAE-
In honor of the savior(s) of his (their) city.
CONSVL VII PP PROCOS- Consul
for the seventh time, father of the Country and Proconsul.
CONSTANTINI AVGVSTI VOTIS XX-
20 year (vicennalia) vows of Constantine the Emperor.
CONSTANTINIANA DAFNE- Constantinian
CONSTANTINO P AVG BRP NAT-
To Constantine, prince, Emperor, born for the welfare of the State.
GENIO AVGG ET CAESS(ARVM) NN-
To the spirit of our Emperors and Caesars.
GENIO AVGVSTI- To the spirit
of the Emperor.
GENIO CAESARIS- To the spirit
of the Caesar.
GENIO CIVITATIS- To the spirit
of the city.
GENIO EXERCITVS- To the spirit
of the army.
GENIO FIL AVGG- To the spirit
of the son of the Emperors.
GENIO IMPERATORIS- To the
spirit of the Emperor.
GENIO POP(VLI) ROM(ANI)-
To the spirit of the Roman people.
GLORIA EXERCITVS- The glory
of the army.
GLORIA EXERCITVS KART- The
glory of the army at Carthage.
GLORIA PERPET- Everlasting
GLORIA ROMANORVM- The glory
of the Romans.
IOM ET FORT CONSER DD NN (AVG)(ET
CAES) (NOB CAESS)- To Jupiter powerful and great, (Iovi Optimo Maximo),
and Fortune, preservers of our Lords Augustus and Caesar.
IOVI CONSERVAT (ORI)(AVG(G) (NN)
(CAESS)- To Jupiter, the savior of our Emperors (Caesars).
ISIS FARIA- Isis, of the
Island of Pharos.
IVST VENER MEMOR- To (his)
memory, justly to be remembered.
MARS PACIF- Mars, the peacemaker.
MARS VICTOR- Mars, the victor.
MARTI COMITI AVG N- To Mars,
comrade of our Emperor.
MARTI CONSER(VATORI) (AVG)(N)-
To Mars, the savior of our Emperor.
MARTI PACIFERO AVG N- To
Mars, the peacemaker of our Emperor.
MARTI PATR SEMP VICTORI-
To our father Mars, always victorious.
MARTI PATRI CONSER(VATORI)-
To Mars, the saving father.
MARTI PATRI PROPVG(NATORI)-
To Mars, the defending father.
MARTI PROPVGNATORI- To Mars,
MEMORIA DIVI CONSTANTI- To
the memory of the divine Constantius.
MEMORIA FELIX- Happy memory.
MEMORIAE AETERNAE- In honor
of everlasting memory.
MVLTIS X- Vows repeated for
10 years (decennalia).
MVLTIS XX- Vows repeated
for twenty years (vicennalia).
MVLTIS XXX- Vows repeated
for thirty years (tricennalia).
MVLT NATAL FEL- Many happy
PACI PERPET XII- In honor of
PAX PERPETVA- Eternal peace.
PERPETVA VIRTVS- Eternal
PERPETVITAS AVGG- The perpetuity
of the Emperors.
PLVRA NATAL FEL- May there
be many happy births.
PR (POPVLVS ROMANVS)- Roman
PRINCIPI IVVENT BRP NAT-
To the Prince of Youth, born for the good of the state.
In honor of the Prince of Youth.
PROVIDENTIAE (AVGG) (CAESS)-
honor of the foresight of the Emperors (Caesars).
RECVPERATOR VRB(IS) SVAE- To
the recovery of his city.
REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERIT(ORVM)-
To the retirement of the best (Emperors).
RESTITVTOR VRBIS SVAE- Restorer
of his city (meaning Rome).
ROMAE AETER- To everlasting
ROMAE AETER (AVGG)- To the
everlasting Rome of the Emperors.
ROMAE AETERNAE XV- To everlasting
Rome, fifteen yearly vows.
ROMAE RESTITVTAE- To Rome,
having been restored.
SACRA MONETA VRB AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR-
The sacred money of the city of our Augusti and Caesars.
SAECVLI FELIC(ITAS) AVG (N)-
Happy times of the (our) Emperor.
SALVIS AVG ET CAESS (AVCTA) (FEL)
KART- With the Emperor and Caesars being safe, happy Carthage is strengthened.
SAPIENT PRINCIP- Wisdom of
SARMATIA DEVICTA- On the
occasion of Sarmatia being conquered.
SECVRIT PERPET DD NN- Eternal
security of our Emperors.
SECVRITAS AVGG- The security
of the Emperors.
SOLI INVICTO COMITI- To
my companion the invincible sun (god).
SPES PVBLIC- Public hope.
SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI- The
senate and people of Rome to the best of Princes.
VBERTAS SAECVLI- The fruitfulness
(abundance) of the age.
VICTORIA(AE) AET(ERNA) AVG(GG)
(N)NN- Eternal victory of our Emperors.
VICTORIA AVG(G) (N)(NN)-
Victory of (the) (our) Emperor(s).
VICTORIA AVGG (AVGVSTORVM)-
Victory of the Emperors.
VICTORIA LAET(AE) PRINC PERP-
Joyous (well-earned) victory to the eternal Prince.
VICTORIAE LIBERAE- In honor
of victory, now free (liberated).
VIRT CONSTANTINI AVG- Valor
of Constantine, Emperor.
VIRT EXERC- Valor of the
VIRT EXERCIT GALL XVI- Valor
of the army of Gaul.
VIRT PERP CONSTANTINI AVG-
The unfailing (perpetual) valor of Constantine, the Emperor.
VIRTVS(TI) AVG(G) (N)(NN) (ET
CAESS NN)- The valor (in honor of) of our Emperors (Caesars).
VIRTVS CONSTANTINI CAES- The
valor of Caesar Constantine.
In honor of the valor of the army.
VIRTVS MILITVM (DD NN)- The
valor of the soldiers (of our lords).
VIRTVS PERPETVA AVG- The
everlasting valor of the Emperor.
VN MR (VENERANDAE MEMORIAE)-
In honor of venerated memory.
VTILITAS PVBLICA- Public
utility (common good).
VOT- Votive (vow).