Constantine the Great

Assorted Reverse Types
Gloria Romanorvm - Secvritas AVGG


GLORIA PERPET
A.D. 313
17mm   1.8gm
IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG     head bare
GLORIA PERPET   Two victories advancing right, both holding wreath and branch, standard between them
In ex. RT
RIC VII Rome 14
page about this type
Constantine the
                    Great GLORIA PERPET




GLORIA ROMANORVM


A.D. 327

19mm    3.3gm

CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG; laureate head.

GLORIA ROMANORVM; Roma seated on a shield, holding a long sceptre, Victory on a globe in right hand, A in left field

in ex. CONS

RIC VII Constantinople 17

Part of the series commemorating the victory over Licinius in the second civil war. This series was issued to pay workers building the new city of Constantinople.




Constantine the Great GLORIA ROMANORVM
                    Constantinople 17


A.D. 327-328

18x20mm  2.8gm

CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG; diademed head right.

GLORIA ROMANORVM; Roma seated on a shield, holding a long sceptre, Victory on a globe in right hand, left field A.

in ex. CONS

RIC VII Constantinople 23


Constantine
                    the Great GLORIA ROMANORVM Constantinople 23


A.D. 327-328
19x20mm
CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG head with rosette diadem
GLORIA ROMANORVM [The glory of the Romans] Roma seated on a shield, holding a long sceptre, Victory on a globe in right hand; left field Z,
  in ex. CONS   
 RIC VII Constantinople 23

Constantine the Great
                    GLORIA ROMANORVM

A.D. 327-328
19mm    3.2gm
CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG head with rosette diadem
GLORIA ROMANORVM [The glory of the Romans] Roma seated on a shield, holding a long sceptre, Victory on a globe in right hand; in left field A     
  in ex. CONS
RIC VII Constantinople  23 

Constantine the Great GLORIA ROMANORVM GLORIA
                    ROMANORUM Constantinople


A.D. 327-328
19mm    2.5gm
Obv. CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG head with rosette diadem
Rev. GLORIA ROMANORVM [The glory of the Romans] Roma seated on a shield, holding a long sceptre, Victory on a globe in right hand. 
  in ex. CONS    in left field delta
RIC VII Constantinople  23 

Constantine the Great
                    GLORIA ROMANORVM

HERCVLI VICTORI
Nicomedia
Circa 312 A.D. 
21mm   5gm 
IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG 
HERCVLI VICTORI [To Hercules, the victor] Hercules standing right, right hand behind back, left leaning on club covered by lionís skin. 
In left field star above delta,
in exergue SMN 

This type is only listed in RIC VI for Maximinus,  It should be RIC VI Nicomedia 75c
Page about the Farnese Hercules
Constantine the Great HERCVLI VICTORI



Antioch

A.D. 313

20x21mm    4.1gm

IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; laureate head.

HERCVLI VICTORI [To Hercules, the victor] Hercules standing right, right hand behind back, left leaning on club covered by lionís skin, in left field I (iota= 10th)

in exergue ANT *

RIC VI Antioch 170c     
unlisted officina



Constantine the Great HERCVLI VICTORI RIC VI
                    Antioch 170c



IOVI CONSERVATORI
Siscia
A.D. 313-315 
20x21mm
IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG 
IOVI CON-SERVATORI [To Jupiter,the saviour] Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground; in r. field delta.
in ex. SIS    
RIC VII Siscia 5   


Constantine the Great IOVI CONSERVATORI,
                    Siscia


A.D. 313-315

21x22mm    3.3gm

IMP CONSTANTINVS  AVG; laureate head right.

IOVI CON-SERVATORI; Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground; in right field Γ.

in ex. SIS

RIC VII Siscia 7



Constantine the Great IOVI CONSERVATORI RIC VII
                    Siscia 7


A.D. 35-316

20x21mm   3.8gm

IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG; laureate head.

IOVI CON-SERVATORI; Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground, B in right field.

in ex. dot SIS dot

RIC VII Siscia 15


Constantine the
                    Great IOVI CONSERVATORI, RIC VII Siscia 15




Thessalonica

A.D. 312

23x25mm   5.2gm

CONSTANTINVS PF AVG; laureate head right.

IOVI CONSE-RVATORI; Jupiter standing facing, head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, right holding globe, left leaning on scepter; across fields wreath- B.

In ex. dot SM dot TS dot

RIC VI Thessalonica 50b


Constantine the Great IOVI CONSERVATORI RIC VI
                    Thessalonica 50b





A.D. 316- 317

20mm   3.4gm

IMP CONSTANTINVS PF INV AVG, laureate bust

IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l.shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground.

In ex. dot TS dot delta dot

RIC VII Thessalonica 4


The obverse legend includes INV (invictus) as this coin was issued shortly after Constantineís victory over Licinius in the first civil war between them.



Constantine the Great IOVI CONSERVATORI
                    Thessalonica


A.D. 316-7

20x21mm    3.3gm

IMP CONSTANTINVS PF INV AVG, laureate head

IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground.

in ex. dot TS dot B dot

RIC VII Thessalonica 4


The obverse legend includes INV (invictus) as this coin was issued shortly after Constantineís victory over Licinius in the first civil war between them.


Constantine the Great
                    IOVI CONSERVATORI Thessalonica




Heraclea

A.D. 311

23x25mm   5.7gm

IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINO P F INV AVG, laureate head.

IOVI CONS-ERVATORI, Jupiter standing facing, head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, right holding globe, left leaning on scepter.

In ex. HTB, in left field wreath.

RIC VI Heraclea  67


Constantine the Great
                    IOVI CONSERVATORI Heraclea


A.D. 311

23x24mm    4.6gm

IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F INV AVG; laureate head.

IOVI CONSER-VATORI; Jupiter standing facing, head left, chlamys hanging from left shoulder, right holding globe, left leaning on scepter; wreath in left field, delta in right.

In ex. SMHT

RIC VI Heraclea 72


Constantine the Great IOVI CONSERVATORI RIC VI
                    Heraclea 72


A.D. 321-324
21x19mm
IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG radiate, draped, cuirassed
IOVI CONS-ERVATORI [To Jupiter,the saviour] Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on eagle tipped-sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground; to r., captive; in right field an  X over II and an episemon . 
in exergue  SMHB 

RIC VII Heraclea 51 

    "The last sign is clearly an episemon, epigraphically employed for S(emis) also."  (RIC VII p. 12)         Semis literally means half, and the semis coin was valued at half an as.
The IOVI coins were issued as part of a coin reform by Licinius in his territories (mints of Heraclea, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria)and were reduced in value  from 25 to 12 and a half. The coins were worth less because they had little or no silver. He struck these in the names of all the rulers but these coins had no value outside his territory.  As a result, these coins are sometimes found overstruck with other types.








Constantine the Great IOVI CONSERVATORI
                    Heraclea 51

Nicomedia
A.D. 321-324
21x20mm
IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG bust radiate, draped, cuir. 
IOVI CONS-ERVATORI [To Jupiter,the saviour] Jupiter stg. l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre with eagle, Victory on globe in right hand; eagle holding wreath to left; to right, captive on ground.   in exergue  SMNB 
in right field an  X over II and an episemon     "The last sign is clearly an episemon, epigraphically employed for S(emis) also."   (RIC VII p. 12)           Semis literally means half, and the semis coin was valued at half an as.
The IOVI coins were issued as part of a coin reform by Licinius in his territories (mints of Heraclea, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria) and were reduced in value  from 25 to 12 and a half.  The coins were worth less because they had little or no silver. He struck these in the names of all the rulers but these coins had no value outside his territory.  As a result, these coins are sometimes found overstruck with other types.
RIC VII Nicomedia 43
Constantine the Great IOVI CONSERVATORI,
                    Nicomedia

IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG

Nicomedia

A.D. 317-320

19mm   3.5gm

IMP CONSTA-NTINVS AVG; laureate draped bust left holding mappa, orb & scepter.

IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG; Jupiter standing left with Victory on a globe & scepter; palm branch in left fielb, B in right.

In ex. SMN

RIC VII Nicomedia 23


Constantine the Great IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG
                    RIC VII Nicomedia 23

Cyzicus

A.D. 317-320

19mm   2.2gm

IMP CONSTA-NTINVS AVG; laureate, draped, sceptre in left hand, mappa in right hand.

IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG; Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, holding sceptre ; Victory on globe in r. hand, in left field wreath and in right field delta,

in ex. SMK    

RIC VII Cyzicus 8


Constantine is depicted in consular dress as he is consul for the fifth time, but he is joint consul with Licinius II.
Constantine the Great IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG

A.D. 317-320

19mm 2.4gm

IMP CONSTA-NTINVS AVG; laureate draped bust left holding mappa, orb & scepter.

IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG; Jupiter standing left with Victory on a globe & scepter; wreath left, gamma right.

In ex. SMK

RIC VII Cyzicus 8


Constantine the Great IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG
                    Cyzicus 8




Antioch

A.D. 313- 314

19mm    3.2gm

IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG; laureate head right.

IOVI CONSER-VATORI AVGG; Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground; in right field wreath over AI over III.

in ex. ANT

RIC VII Antioch 7


Constantine
                    the Great IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG RIC VII Antioch 7




Alexandria

A.D. 315

18x20mm   3.5gm

IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG; laureate bust right.

IOVI CONSER-VATORI AVGG; Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground; right field wreath over A over N.

in ex. ALE

RIC VII Alexandria 9

 

Issued prior to the split between Constantine and Licinius and the subsequent first civil war.



Constantine
                    the Great IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG Alexandria 9





 A.D. 315- 316

19x20mm   3.5gm

IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG; laureate bust.

IOVI CONSER-VATORI AVGG; Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground; left field K, right field wreath over B over X.

in ex. ALE

RIC VII Alexandria 13


Constantine the
                    Great IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG Alexandria 13


A.D. 316- 317

20x21mm    4.0gm

IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS PF AVG; laureate bust.

IOVI CONSER-VATORI AVGG; Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground; left field K, right field wreath over X over B.

in ex. ALE

RIC VII Alexandria 17


Constantine the
                    Great IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG Alexandria 17



IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG 
NN

A.D. 313

23mm   2.9gm

IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust

IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN,  Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground.

in ex. SIS; in r. field A

RIC VI Siscia 233c



Constantine the Great
                    IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN Siscia 233


A.D. 313

22x23mm   3.2gm

IMP CONSTANTINVS PF AVG; laureate and cuirassed bust right.

IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN; Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground, in right field delta.

in ex. SIS

RIC VI Siscia 233c


Constantine the Great
                    IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN Siscia 233


312-313
IMP C CONSTANTINVS PF AVG laureate, draped and cuirassed
IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN [To Jupiter,the saviour of our emperors] Jupiter standing l., chlamys across l. shoulder, leaning on sceptre and holding Victory on globe in r. hand; eagle with wreath to l. on ground.
dot TS dot A dot
RIC VI Thessalonica 61b
Constantine the Great IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG
                    NN
LIBERTAS PVBLICA
327 AD. 
19x20mm
CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laureate head right 
LIBERTAS PVBLICA, [Public Liberty] Victory standing left on galley, wreath in both hands
B left, CONS in ex.     
RIC VII Constantinople 18

This is part of a series of coinage (GLORIA EXERCITVS, GLORIA ROMANORVM, LIBERTAS PVBLICA, and SPES PVBLIC) summing up the civil war with Licinius. This alludes to the naval victory of Crispus on the Bosphorus where he captured Byzantium (soon to be called Constantinople) from Licinius. This series was issued to pay workers building the new city of Constantinople.
Constantine the Great
                      LIBERTAS PVBLICA RIC 18

A.D. 327 

19x20mm    2.7gm

CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG; laureate head right.

LIBERTAS PVBLICA; Victory standing left on galley, wreath in both hands, B in left.

In ex. CONS

RIC VII Constantinople 18


Constantine
                    the Great LIBERTAS PVBLICA RIC 18 Constantinople

 
A.D. 327-8
21mm
CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, head with rosette diadem
LIBERTAS PVBLICA [Public Liberty] Victory standing left on galley, wreath in both hands
B left, CONS in ex.       RIC VII Constantinople 25 r2 
Constantine the Great
                    LIBERTAS PVBLICA RIC 25

A.D. 327-8

19mm   3gm

CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, head with rosette diadem

LIBERTAS PVBLICA [Public Liberty] Victory standing left on galley, wreath in both hands

B left, CONS in ex.     

RIC VII Constantinople 25


Constantine the Great
                    LIBERTAS PVBLICA RIC 25


A.D. 327-8

18x19mm   3.2gm

CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG- head with rosette diadem

LIBERTAS PVBLICA [Public Liberty]- Victory standing left on galley, wreath in both hands

In ex. CONS, B in left field    

RIC VII Constantinople 25


Constantine the Great
                    LIBERTAS PVBLICA RIC 25


A.D. 327-8

18x19mm  2.9gm

CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG; head with rosette diadem

LIBERTAS PVBLICA; [Public Liberty] Victory standing left on galley, wreath in both hands, B left.

In ex. CONS

RIC VII Constantinople 25


Constantine the Great LIBERTAS PVBLICA RIC VII
                    Constantinople 25


MARTI CONSERVATORI
London

A.D. 312-313

21x22mm  4gm

CONSTANTINVS P AVG bust laur., cuir.

MARTI CONSERVATORI [To Mars, the saviour] Mars in military dress, stg. r., reversed spear in r. hand, l. on shield set on the ground.

in left field *, in ex. PLN    

RIC VI London 258  


Constantine the Great
                    MARTI CONSERVATORI, London 258


A.D. 312- 313

22mm   4.0gm

CONSTANTINVS P AVG; laureate and cuirassed bust.

MARTI CONSERVATORI; Mars in military dress, stg. r., reversed spear in r. hand, l. on shield set on the ground, cloak across r. shoulder, star in left field.

in ex. PLN

RIC VI London 258


Constantine the Great MARTI CONSERVATORI London
                    258


A.D. 312-313

23mm   4.7gm

CONSTANTINVS  AVG, bust left, helmeted, cuirassed, spear over right shoulder, shield on left arm.

MARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars in military dress, stg. r., reversed spear in r. hand, l. on shield set on the ground.

in ex. PLN,     in left field *

RIC VI London 260  

 

RIC lists the reverse break as CON-SERVATORI (rarely O-N), while this one is CONS-ERVATORI.



Constantine the Great MARTI CONSERVATORI,
                    London 260

Lyons
AD 309-10
22x25mm
CONSTANTINVS P  F AVG; Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, seen from rear.
MARTI CONSERVATORI [To Mars, the saviour] Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars, right
In ex. PLG
Lugdunum (Lyons) RIC VI 304 c 
Constantine the Great MARTI CONSERVATORI,
                    Lyons

A.D. 314-15

19mm  3.6gm

IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG bust laur., cuir.

MARTI CONSERVATORI [To Mars, the saviour] Mars in military dress, stg. r., reversed spear in r. hand, l. on shield set on the ground, cloak across r. shoulder.

In ex. PLG   in fields T-F

RIC VII Lyons 12


Constantine the Great
                    MARTI CONSERVATORI, Lyons 12


A.D. 314-15

19x20mm   2.7gm

IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; laureate and cuirassed bust.

MARTI CONSERVATORI; Mars in military dress, stg. r., reversed spear in r. hand, l. on shield set on the ground, cloak across r. shoulder, in fields T/F.

In ex. PLG  

RIC VII Lyons 12



Constantine the Great MARTI CONSERVATORI Lyons
                    12




Rome

AD 312- 313

20x22mm   3.3gm

IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right.

MARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars standing right, head right; right leaning on reversed spear, left on shield.

In ex. RP

RIC VI Rome 307


Constantine the Great MARTI CONSERVATORI RIC VI
                    Rome 307




Ticinum

A.D. 312- 313

22mm   4.8gm

CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; laureate and cuirassed bust.

MARTI CONSERVATORI; [To Mars, the saviour] Mars in military dress, stg. r., reversed spear in r. hand, l. on shield set on the ground, cloak across r. shoulder.

in ex. ST

RIC VI Ticinum 124a


Constantine the
                    Great MARTI CONSERVATORI, RIC VI Ticinum 124a


A.D. 313

19x20mm   2.8gm

IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust.

MARTI CONSERVATORI; Mars in military dress, stg. r., reversed spear in r. hand, l. on shield set on the ground, cloak across r. shoulder.

in ex. T T

RIC VII Ticinum 5


Constantine the Great MARTI CONSERVATORI,
                      Ticinum 5





A.D. 314

19mm   2.7gm

IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; laureate and cuirassed bust.

MARTI CONSERVATORI; [To Mars, the saviour] Mars in military dress, stg. r., reversed spear in r. hand, l. on shield set on the ground, cloak across r. shoulder, in left field *

in ex. P T dot    

RIC VII Ticinum 18



Constantine the Great
                    MARTI CONSERVATORI, Ticinum 18

 
A.D. 314-15
20mm
Obv. IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG bust laur., cuir.
Rev. MARTI CONSERVATORI [To Mars, the saviour] Mars in military dress, stg. r., reversed spear in r. hand, l. on shield set on the ground, cloak across r. shoulder.
in left field *, in ex. P dot T    
 RIC VII Ticinum 23    
Constantine the Great MARTI CONSERVATORI,
                    Ticinum



Aquileia

A.D. 312- 313

22mm   4.3gm

CONSTANTINVS P F AVG; laureate and cuirassed bust right.

MARTI CON-SERVATORI; Mars in military dress, stg. r., reversed spear in r. hand, l. on shield set on the ground, cloak spread across both shoulders.

in ex. AQS

RIC VI Aquileia 141

unlisted officina


Constantine the Great MARTI CONSERVATORI, RIC
                    VI Aquileia 141



Trier

AD 310-313

20x21mm   3.5gm

IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust.

MARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars, helmeted, stg. r. leaning on reversed spear, l. resting shield on ground.

In ex. PTR

RIC VI Trier 859


Constantine the
                    Great MARTI CONSERVATORI, Trier 859


A.D. 310-313

22mm  4.2gm

IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG; laureate and draped, seen from the rear.

MARTI CONSERVATORI; helmeted & cuirassed bust of Mars right.

RIC VI Trier 880


Constantine the Great MARTI CONSERVATORI, RIC
                      VI Trier 880


A.D. 310-313

23mm   4.8gm

IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right.

MARTI CONSERVATORI, helmeted & cuirassed bust of Mars right.

RIC VI Trier 881


Constantine the
                      Great MARTI CONSERVATORI, Trier 881


A.D. 310-313

21x23mm   4.8gm

Obv:  IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG- laureate, cuirassed bust right

Rev:  MARTI CONSERVATORI- helmeted & cuirassed bust of Mars right

RIC VI Trier 881


Constantine the
                      Great MARTI CONSERVATORI, Trier 881



MARTI  CONSERV

AD 315- 316

18mm     2.0gm

CONSTANTINVS  AVG; laureate and cuirassed bust.

MARTI CONSERV; Mars, helmeted, stg. r. leaning on reversed spear, l. resting shield on ground.

In ex. PTR

RIC VI Trier 897


Constantine the
                      Great MARTI CONSERV Trier 897


AD 313- 315

20mm    3.0gm

CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, Bust laureate, draped, cuirassed, seen from rear.

MARTI CONSERVATORI [To Mars, the saviour] Helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars, right

In ex. PTR, T/F in fields.

RIC VII Trier 51


Constantine the
                      Great MARTI CONSERVATORI, Trier 51


AD 315- 316

20mm   3.8gm

CONSTANTINVS PF AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust.

MARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars, helmeted, stg. r. leaning on reversed spear, l. resting shield on ground.

In ex. PTR, in fields A/S

RIC VII Trier 82